Artificial intelligence can be used to achieve unprecedented levels of energy and water efficiency by more accurately measuring the weight of clothes inside a washing machine. The AI model generated by NanoEdge AI Studio significantly improves measurement accuracy compared to traditional algorithms by analyzing and learning the features of current signals.
This is only one example of what you can achieve using edge AI and NanoEdge AI Studio. This approach can easily be adapted to many other appliances or industrial machines.
This use case shows how to automatically optimize a washing machine’s cycles by estimating the correct amount of water and energy to use based on the weight of the clothes placed inside the drum. Here is how we proceeded:
- The current signals were measured directly from the motor control loop.
- Magnets were used to simulate different weight conditions.
- We used the “Extrapolation” algorithm provided by NanoEdge AI Studio to quickly build a regression machine learning model that accurately measures the weight of clothes inside the drum. The maximum estimation error reached was 100 g, which is three times better than the state-of-the-art solution on the market.
- Then, we ported the machine learning library to the same microcontroller as the motor control algorithm. NanoEdge AI Studio optimized the library so it fits in the MCU’s internal memory.
Additional sensors and network connectivity are no longer needed since the processing is done at the very deep edge, in the motor of the machine itself. Processing the signal directly on the MCU increases security, safety, energy, and cost since only meaningful data is output and processed.
Current sensor inside a custom board (based on STM32G4).
Data set: Current signal with weight values as the label (available upon request)
Data format: Time series
99.96% accuracy, 10.6 Kbytes of RAM, 9.5 Kbytes of Flash memory